The jaw joint, which is part of our chewing system, is located in front of the ears. Joint; it consists of a cartilage (disc) structure that facilitates and protects the movement of the bone structures between two bone surfaces and between these surfaces. The disc attaches to these bone surfaces with various ligaments. The lower jaw can move forward, down and sideways. Movement of the lower jaw; It occurs as a result of joint work of the jaw joint, chewing muscles and neck muscles. Chewing, swallowing, speaking, yawning; the muscles are contracted and relaxed and the jaw joint is moved accordingly. The joint surface, disc and muscles harm the jaw joint as a result of disruption for any reason. Jaw joint disorders can sometimes be treated with treatment methods that require prosthesis and implants. For this purpose, SOLVO Dental Implant, as implant suppliers, always provides you with the most suitable medical equipment.
Causes of jaw joint disorders;
- Direct trauma to the jaw or joint due to accidents or impacts
- Tooth squeezing (bruxism) or tooth grinding
- Tooth deficiencies, dental caries, gum diseases that may affect chewing function and strength
- Perplexity of teeth, improper relations of upper and lower teeth
- One-sided chewing habit
- Posture disorders
- General anesthesia and dental treatments that may cause jaw joint strain
- Developmental defects of the joint
- Systemic disorders such as tumor, infection, inflammatory rheumatism, lupus
- Psychological disorders such as stress, depression, anxiety
- Abnormal habits such as chewing gum, breathing constantly, eating nuclei, holding a phone between shoulder and chin, biting cheeks and lips, sucking fingers, biting pencils, eating nails.
Symptoms of jaw joint disorders;
- One of the most common complaints is the jaw area and cheeks due to clenching or grinding; pressure and pains spreading to the head, ear, neck, teeth, nose and even eyes,
- Change of joint anatomy or pain; inability to fully open the jaw, insertion, slide open to one side,
- Due to damage or displacement of the joint disc; creaking, clicking or clicking sounds while opening and closing the mouth,
- Distortion of chewing balance due to pain, unilateral chewing,
- Stretching, eating and drinking during function such as feeling fatigue, pain
- Locking the mouth open or closed, difficulty in opening the mouth and pain when waking up in the morning,
- Percentage asymmetry which may be due to growth of masticatory muscles,
- Differences in closing of the lower jaw and upper jaw teeth when the teeth are closed,
- Tinnitus, dizziness, weakness,
- The wear on the teeth.